In addition to the usual goods under the brand "Made in KG", such as clothing, fruits and vegetables, other products, such as glass, are also supplied from Kyrgyzstan to Russia in large volumes.
In 2021, Kyrgyzstan sent almost $ 413 million worth of goods to Russia, according to the data of the Eurasian Economic Commission. This is more than half of the total volume of exports of the republic to the EAEU countries.
Having studied the reports of the EEC, we compiled a list of ten goods from Kyrgyzstan that were in demand in Russia in 2021. The products in the list are arranged according to the volume of exports in monetary terms.
Copper (copper waste and scrap) tops the rating: last year, the volume of deliveries of this product exceeded $ 71 million. In second place are dried fruits, fruits and nuts, whose exports amounted to 59.6 million. The top three is completed by knitted clothing with an indicator of 50.9 million; it is mainly about sweaters, cardigans, vests, underwear, pajamas, shirts and other wardrobe items.
In fourth place are parts of vehicles and accessories to them, which the Kyrgyz Republic supplied to the Russian Federation for $ 28.5 million. It should be noted that this amount also includes passenger cars and other motor vehicles, they account for a smaller part of the specified volume — 5.4 million.
The top five of the rating of popular products are closed by glass and glass products. The volume of deliveries in this category reached $ 25.6 million last year. Next on the list are ferrous metals (waste and scrap), milk and dairy products, some types of vegetables, non-knitwear clothing, as well as fish.
What necessary goods are imported to Kyrgyzstan from Russia
Food, gasoline and gas, medicines are only a small part of the main items that Russia supplies to Kyrgyzstan. What other Russian goods are in demand in the republic?
Trade turnover between Russia and Kyrgyzstan reached record levels by the end of last year, Deputy Trade Representative of the Russian Federation in the Kyrgyz Republic Ainur Samanov said on the eve. Russia accounted for almost 32 percent of the republic’s foreign trade turnover.
We have identified the main groups of important goods from the Russian Federation, which are supplied in large volumes to Kyrgyzstan. These are products, including essential foodstuffs, petroleum products and gas, "soap washing" and hygiene products, medicines, repair materials, raw materials, household appliances and more. Note that not all major positions are included in the infographic, not to mention small ones.
At the same time, the share of exports of Kyrgyz goods to Russia is also actively growing: by the end of last year, the volume of deliveries increased by 38 percent.
Agriculture is one of the priorities of the real sector of the Kyrgyz economy. It provides jobs for 50% of the working population and provides a fifth of the country’s GDP. Moreover, more than 60% of the country’s citizens live in rural areas, who use fertilizers to improve yields. Currently, most fertilizers are imported to Kyrgyzstan from other countries, but whether these fertilizers are suitable for Kyrgyzstan remains in question.
To find out what types of fertilizers the country needs, IA Kabar turned to the author of the domestic organic fertilizer Kyrgyz-humat Yusup Tashirov.
According to him, the efficiency of fertilizers produced in Kyrgyzstan far exceeds Russian and other foreign fertilizers.
He says that all foreign analogues are designed for their climate, their soil. "There are 5 main indicators of humus content, PH volume (acidic or alkaline, i.e. already saline soil) and three macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium). Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fluctuate everywhere in principle, everyone has a little bit the same composition," says Tashirov.
According to experts, the issue is the content of humus in the soil and PH (alkalinity). "Of similar preparations, the humus content in Russian is two times less, or even three or four times less than ours. Korean preparations have a humus content 20 times less. The alkalinity or PH of Russians is at the level of 9 units or higher, that is, the fertilizer is alkaline, and alkaline fertilizer is not suitable for our soil, because our land is low-humus. In other words, the humus content in the soil is very low, and humus is the main nutrient component for obtaining a high yield," he said.
Tashirov also added that in the north of Kyrgyzstan, the alkalinity of the soil is at the level of 8.5 and higher, in the south of the republic 9−10 points. "The Russian soil in chernozem is 4−5 points, that is, low alkalinity or acidic soil. At the same time, the Russian soil has a humus content of 5−6. That is, a lot of the main nutritional component. That’s why they produce drugs with a high alkaline content," Tashirov explained.
According to him, drugs with an alkalinity content of 9 — 9.7 points are brought to Kyrgyzstan, and in 15 years the soil in the republic may become a salt marsh.
Despite all the measures taken, Kyrgyz peasants use everything that falls into their hands, and they do not think about the future.
"I have been traveling around the republic for 5 years, conducted seminars and trainings in 300 rural districts and continue to do so. Now I am working with the Ministry of Agriculture, but they are conducting seminars and trainings on a regional scale around the country," he says.
As Tashirov points out, the main raw material of domestic fertilizers is oxidized non-energy waste from industrial coal mining in Kara-Keche and Minkush.
"There is a layer of 2−3 meters of coal dust between the ground and the burning coal. This oxidized non-energy dust contains up to 80% of the organic mass. But we still need to find this layer, which does not lie everywhere," the author of the domestic organic fertilizer notes.
He also added that his company manages to provide the whole republic with fertilizers.
Tashirov attributes the low popularity of domestic fertilizers to the fact that farmers do not always tell each other what drugs they use to fertilize the soil. "We are faced everywhere with the fact that not everyone is talking about what they use. The psychology of our peasants is such that if only he had more than his neighbor. An agronomist farmer recently came to me and told me that his neighbors are watching how the new method of using local fertilizers will affect wheat," he says.
As an illustrative example of the effectiveness of local fertilizer Yu. Tashirov cited the experience of one of the former Ministers of Agriculture A. Zhanybekov, who last year applied humate on barley. "He received 68 quintals per hectare. In the history of Kyrgyzstan, such a harvest has not yet been received on rain-fed lands. It has withstood all the technology we recommend. I sprayed it twice, as a result I got such a high yield on rain—fed lands, usually 9−12 quintals per hectare are obtained on such lands, the maximum is 20−25 quintals. And this person received 5 times more than usual," he shares.
He also added that out of joy, the ex-official distributed 100 tons of grains to his fellow villagers, and asked to return next year only what he distributed, and nothing more.
Regarding the mass production, Tashirov says that his company does this all the time.
"In Kyrgyzstan, this is the first domestic fertilizer that has been widely used by the villagers. There are scientific developments, but none of these developments could reach the peasants," he emphasizes.
There were other domestic developments called bai-gumat, which was made by the Academy of Sciences. "They did humaphosis, but the scientific people are afraid of experiments, and all developments are made in grams in laboratory conditions. And it seems that when an analysis is done, fertilizer is obtained, but as soon as it comes to practice, nothing happens. For example, I have done thousands of experiments for three years and one of them turned out. I took him to the Academy of Sciences and scientists there couldn’t believe what happened for a whole month," he says.
In conclusion, he added that no one in the republic, except his company, produces such fertilizers. "There are South Korean ready-made fertilizers that are brought to Kyrgyzstan and bottled. What used to be normal is now weaker, because it is mixed with water," he notes.
Tashirov also added that compared to the same chemical Uzbek fertilizers, Kyrgyz preparations are organic.